Considered to be one that can be answered quickly by consulting only one or two reference tools.
Similar to ready reference, except that it provides facts about publications rather than events, people, places, or organization.
Keeping users aware of current developments in their field. Reviewing newly available documents, selecting the items relevant to the needs of an individual or group, and notifying the user about the new information.
Reflects the goal or personal assistance to readers. Interview library users to understand their needs and goals, then choose library materials that would fulfill those needs.
The goal or IR as defined by Thomas Childers is "Facilitating the link between a person with a need and the resources outside the library which can meet the need".
Typically explains the organizations of the library and how to use catalogs that provide access to its collection particularly to the persons who are using the library for the first time or is conducting a research that requires the use of unfamiliar reference tools.
usually held in a single session, introduces the library to would be users and informs them about library rules and regulations, procedures in borrowing books, use of the catalog and indexes, classification of materials in the library, basic reference sources.
Searching databases made available through the library Online Public Access Catalog, CD-ROM databases, online or Internet databases.
In-depth explanation of library materials, techniques in using control-access type sources (tool-based)
Along with library orientation, is institution specific and more on the teaching of library skills.
Given to visitors emphasizes the historical and cultural significance of the library and its collections.
"To be information literate, a person must be able to recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate and use effectively the needed information."- Final Report of the ALA Presidential Committee on Information Literacy